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Beautiful Weekend on Tap, Changes Coming Next Week

Good Evening! 

We’ve certainly seen a nice change in sensible weather over the past two days or so, as the warm temperatures and humidity have been funneled out and replaced with much more seasonable conditions. Today was an extension of this seasonable weather, as light winds from the southwest brought in a mild day with highs ranging in the upper 60’s to lower 70’s across much of the Northeast. This is only slightly warmer than what we’ve seen this week due to a slight increased in mid level temperatures as an area of mid level ridging begins to build in off to our south and west. This area of building ridging will also allow for increased subsidence to overwhelm the area, so this contributed to a mainly sunny day with the exception of just a few high level cirrus clouds. Conditions will remain quite calm and clear throughout the evening hours and into the overnight hours as a weak cold front begins to sag into the Northeast over portions of western New York and Pennsylvania. This front will be moving relatively quick, and will also be quite weak, so no noticeable temperature drops will be likely overnight. With generally clear skies, light winds from the southwest switching to northwesterly, and relatively low humidity, temperatures tonight should bottom out in the middle to upper 40’s west of the metro area, and in the upper 40’s to lower 50’s in the immediate NYC area. These conditions will also be quite favorable to view an ongoing meteor shower occurring right around the club of Orion, with the best viewing times happening just after midnight!

Surface observations and high resolution satellite imagery from GOES 16 showing relatively tranquil conditions over much of the Northeast this afternoon/evening with mild temperatures (Simuawips)

Surface observations and high resolution satellite imagery from GOES 16 showing relatively tranquil conditions over much of the Northeast this afternoon/evening with mild temperatures (Simuawips)

Friday Into the Weekend 

Much of the same is likely on Friday, with clear and mild conditions likely starting off the day as the weak cold front quickly passes through during the morning hours. The only notable changes will be a shift in the wind direction from southwest, to northwest, but this should gradually change back as the day progresses. Mid level ridging will continue to build in from the west during the day tomorrow, and this will usher in slightly warmer mid level temperatures over the area. A renewed area of subsidence will also begin to build in, expect a generally sunny day across the entire area with highs in the upper 60’s and lower 70’s once again, with locations closer to the city more likely to see temperatures around the 75 degree mark. Tomorrow should give way to a very nice end to the workweek as the tranquil conditions last into the overnight hours with temperatures likely falling into the upper 40’s and lower 50’s for low temperatures, which is rather seasonable for this time of year.

As we head into Saturday, we should begin to see the mid level ridging that has been building to our west really flex its muscles and start to usher in even warmer mid level temperatures during the day, but also working to keep much of the subsidence and dry weather in place over the region as the stormy/active weather remains well north of the Northeast, over Canada. With the warmer mid level temperatures aloft, highs in the middle 70’s are likely during the day, with some locations near the city likely reaching into the upper 70’s, and possibly even around the 80 degree mark during peak heating hours. Much of the same is expected on Sunday as the crest of the mid level ridge will be located right over the Northeast. Sunday is likely to have more sea-breezes with it, but should be another warm and beautiful day nonetheless to get some work done outside, or just enjoy the day in general. Dewpoints will remain quite comfortable as well, which should lead to both evenings being very pleasant while radiational cooling takes temperatures down into the lower to middle 50’s for lows.

This afternoons ECMWF model showing the building mid level ridge over the Northeast on Sunday afternoon. This ridge should lead to very mild conditions this weekend with very little in the way of cloud cover.

This afternoons ECMWF model showing the building mid level ridge over the Northeast on Sunday afternoon. This ridge should lead to very mild conditions this weekend with very little in the way of cloud cover.

Changes Coming Next Week! 

While the ridging over the Northeast may linger into the early part of next week, large-scale changes will begin as early as Monday. A mid level ridge will begin to set up over the west coast, and this will begin to force the remnants of a large mid level trough in the central part of the country. The remnants will likely become cut off from the overall jet stream while these changes occur and begin to dig into the Ozarks and Tennessee valley. As ridging out west continues to amplify, it will begin to pour in rather energetic Pacific energy coming from the active Pacific jet. This energy, in conjunction with the cut off upper level low will begin to round out a trough in the eastern half of the country starting on Monday night and into Tuesday. As this upper level low begins to interact with the incoming trough and cold front, it will cause rich tropical moisture to stream northward into portions of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast. This moisture should begin to reach the area on Tuesday morning/afternoon as the primary low pressure system heads north in Canada, with a large cold front pushing into the East. Depending on just when the mid level trough phases with remnant cutoff system will determine the overall timing of this system, but we are looking at increased potential for heavy rainfall early next week, with temperatures likely falling into below-normal territory by the middle of the week.

This models begin to diverge on what exactly happens with this system, as increased blocking could potentially allow the system to slow down enough to potentially cut off from the main flow and meander around the region for at least a few days. This solution is somewhat unlikely as ridging in the west breaks down due to the strong Pacific jet, but will be monitored as this could prolong periods of unsettled weather next week.

We will continue to watch this system over the next few days and will have an update by early next week! Enjoy the weekend!

This afternoons ECMWF model showing a large plume of tropical moisture streaming into the east ahead of a large and mature frontal system

This afternoons ECMWF model showing a large plume of tropical moisture streaming into the east ahead of a large and mature frontal system

For more information and posts like this one, make sure you sign up for Premium Forecasts — where multiple detailed articles, videos, and interactives are posted each day. Also, come interact with our staff and many other weather enthusiasts at 33andrain.com!

Have a great night!

Steve Copertino

 

(Tropical Tidbits)

Cold flip increasing likely, but longevity in question

A good Wednesday afternoon to you! While the temperature remains largely above average in the Central and Eastern United States today and over the next few days, we have been discussing for quite some time the idea that a noticeable change is forthcoming. This change is still very much on schedule, and in fact confidence in its occurrence has increased over the past 24 to 48 hours. Forecast model guidance has come into better agreement on the movement of large-scale features throughout the hemisphere.

One thing we continue to discuss internally, however, is the longevity of this flip towards cooler air. Often times, these pattern changes are discussed at length — and with good reason, as they are significant — but there is not enough detail paid to the exact intensity and duration of the change. In this instance, ensemble guidance is already offering some hints as to how the atmosphere will behave after the flip to a cooler pattern in the Central and Eastern USA Week 2.

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Cooler Conditions Finally Take Over, But Will They Last?

Good Evening! 

A cold front moved through sections of the Northeast late last night, bringing areas of showers, gusty winds, and more importantly a sizable airmass change. Within a period of only a few hours, the cold front knocked us into more autumnal conditions, with dewpoints dropping from the unusually high low to middle 60’s, back into the low 30’s-leading to a much more crisp feeling to the air today. Additionally, cooler temperatures aloft have left the entire area with much cooler highs as well, with most of the Northeast seeing highs in the middle 50’s to lower 60’s, with even a few areas in Pennsylvania and New York seeing temperatures stuck in the upper 40’s. Conditions have also become quite windy across the area behind the cold front-with many stations reporting northwesterly winds gusting in the 20-30 mph range through the afternoon and into the early evening hours. This northwesterly flow has also worked to bring in cooler air over the relatively warm Great Lakes, which has generated some lake-effect clouds this afternoon that has mainly been focused over New York state, with some low-topped cumulus clouds over Pennsylvania. Further east over the metro area, we’ve seen a mix of sun and clouds over the area as some trailing upper level cirrus clouds quickly move from southwest to northeast on the eastern side of the upper level trough.

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As we head into sundown, gusty conditions will likely remain in place for most of the area, except for portions of central Pennsylvania and western New York. The cirrus deck that has been in place most of the day will continue to diminish over the next few hours and head off to the east as the upper level trough continues to lift out. This will allow for skies to become quite clear this evening, and with low humidity, clear skies, and diminishing winds, we will have at least marginal conditions in place for radiational cooling to take over. Temperatures will likely fall into the “cold” levels this evening as lows dip down to the upper 30’s and lower 40’s for the immediate NYC metro area. Further north and west, lows could get into the low to middle 30’s, which could cause patchy frost to develop in the areas that see the wind really calm down over the next few hours. The NWS has issued numerous Frost advisories over the Northeast, so make sure to bring in any plants that may be vulnerable to frost conditions this evening.

Tuesday will likely be another calm and cool day for the Northeast as surface high pressure begins to build in from the south and west by tomorrow afternoon. Highs will likely range from the upper 50’s to lower 60’s, with areas further north and west likely seeing readings a few degrees lower. Humidity will also remain very low tomorrow, and though this may feel like its a big deviation from the normal, but tomorrows highs will likely be right around seasonable for this time of year. The building high pressure will allow for lows tomorrow night to fall back into the low to middle 40’s tomorrow evening, and with lower overall winds patchy frost may be more likely across the area.

3km NAM showing much cooler conditions overall for the Northeast

3km NAM showing much cooler conditions overall for the Northeast

Later This Week and Beyond

As we look ahead into the later part of the week and past the weekend, we are likely to see mid level ridging rebuilding over the east by Thursday, which should lead to a small increase in highs for a coupel of days. We should be looking at temperatures rising into the low to middle 70’s pretty much every day for the rest of the week, and then again this weekend as a second area of mid level ridging begins to build into the East by Saturday. This pattern should last us into the early to middle part of next week, before the overall pattern begins to shift largely due in part to large scale convective patterns in the tropics becoming more concentrated in this area of the globe. When this happens, we tend to see a large area of riding set up over the western United States, with a trough eventually setting up in the east. Such a scenarios would be a large departure from the normal over the past few weeks of warm and dry weather, as the eastern trough would likely bring below-average temperatures and an increased rain potential during the period. While the individual model runs seem to disagree about the exact timing of when a coherent area of troughing will set up over the east, the ensembles have been rather consistent that around the  October 24th-28th period, the likelihood for this scenario is high.

Due to the level of enhanced convection over the tropics during this time as well in conjunction with leftover warm waters over the Atlantic, we may also have to keep an eye on the tropics to see if we can manage to get a late season storm out of this pattern.

We will have more on this pattern later in the week!

ECMWF Ensembles showing a deepening trough beginning to set up over the east by the middle of next week

ECMWF Ensembles showing a deepening trough beginning to set up over the east by the middle of next week

For more information and posts like this one, make sure you sign up for Premium Forecasts — where multiple detailed articles, videos, and interactives are posted each day. Also, come interact with our staff and many other weather enthusiasts at 33andrain.com!

Have a great night!

Steve Copertino

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La Nina is in the Atmosphere, but Changes are Possible

After some big warmth, we finally saw some Autumn chill arrive over the past couple of days, which signifies the change of seasons. We are now approaching crunch time when it comes to compiling a winter forecast. In our Winter Forecast Webinar, one of the main topics discussed was the evolution of the La Nina and the effects it is already having on the atmospheric pattern. With La Nina conditions already having been established with regards to feedback in the atmospheric circulation, and the fact that ENSO events tend to peak in November, it would seem to be a given that La Nina would be at least somewhat or even perhaps a major driver this coming winter. And to some extent, we believe that is true. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding the future of the La Nina, and part of this will be evidenced by a pattern change to a +PNA and a trough in the East later this month. These factors will be discussed in detail in this article.

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